There’s a very real possibility of another covid wave hitting India soon. Keeping this in mind, the CBSE Board has revised the syllabus and published a reduced syllabus for classes 9 to 12. The decision was made according to the new ‘Assessment Policy 2021-22’ issued earlier this month. In this blog post, we’ll look at the revised syllabus for CBSE class 10 Math. We’ll also look at the important topics that students should focus on along with some preparation tips.
Due to the pandemic, the CBSE Board has reduced the syllabus by 30% for the second year in a row. Also, to avoid a total cancellation of board exams like last year, the academic session 2021-22 is divided into two terms. We’ll take a look at what’s covered in term-1 and term-2 later in the blog. First, let’s have a quick glance at the examination pattern for the year.
CBSE Class 10 Examination Pattern
- Question paper will consist of MCQ (multiple choice questions) for a total of 40 marks.
- 10 marks allotted to internal assessment.
- Total duration of the exam – 90 minutes.
- Exam in the month of November or December 2021.
- Subjective questions for a total of 40 marks.
- Schools will conduct an internal assessment for 10 marks.
- The total duration of the exam – 120 minutes.
- CBSE Board has planned to conduct Term 2 exams in the months of March and April 2022.
Based on the pandemic scenario at the time, the Board will decide the mode of examination. It can be either online or offline. As of now, both the terms contain 50% weightage. However, it can vary depending on the mode of the examination, and weightage for CBSE class 10 results 2022 will be decided accordingly.
Let us now look at the term-wise reduced syllabus for class 10 Math for the academic year 2021-2022.
CBSE Class 10 Syllabus
TERM 1 Syllabus
Term-1 for this year includes 8 chapters from seven units. Chapters covered in the first term along with their unit-wise weightage have been listed in the table below.
TERM 2 Syllabus
CBSE class 10 syllabus for term-2 consists of 5 units comprising 7 chapters. From Quadratic Equations to Statistics, the chapters along with their unit-wise weightage have been listed in the table below.
Course Structure for CBSE Class 10 – Term 1
As mentioned earlier, in addition to a 30% reduction in the syllabus, the exam will consist of only MCQ type questions. Although the MCQ questions look easy, it is very important to have a clear idea of the concepts to ace them. Because steps do not carry any marks in MCQs, there is no partial marks available. So, it is highly imperative that you double check your answers to each question so that you top the exam.
Considering this, we have listed down the chapter-wise reduced syllabus and important topics for the first term that CBSE class 10 students should focus on.
Chapter 1 – Real Numbers
Real Numbers has a weightage of 6 marks and covers the following concepts
- Euclid’s Division Lemma
- Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic
- Prime Factorization
- HCF, LCM and their product
- Irrational Numbers
- Rational Numbers
- Decimal Expansion
The unit Algebra consists of two chapters and carries a weightage of (10 marks out of 40 marks) 25% in the exam.
Chapter 2 – Polynomials
Topics covered in the second chapter are
- Zeroes of a Polynomial
- Geometrical Representation
- Relation between zeroes and coefficients
- Division Algorithm
Chapter 3 – Pair of Linear Equations in two Variables
From the third chapter, the cross-multiplication method has been removed this year. Nearly every other concept is covered. They are:
- Types of solutions to a pair of linear equations in two variables
- Graphical representation
- Two algebraical solutions i.e., substitution and elimination method
- Simple situational problems
- Equations reducible to linear equations.
Chapter 6 – Triangles
Concepts covered in the Triangles chapter in CBSE class 10 require intensive practice by the students. After a detailed understanding of the concepts and rigorous practice, MCQ type questions become easy. To prepare for the exams, students should start focusing on the topics:
- Basic Proportionality Theorem (BPT) and its converse.
- Similar Triangles and Area of Similar Triangles.
- Pythagoras Theorem.
Chapter 7 – Co-ordinate Geometry
Coordinate Geometry is probably one of the easiest chapters in the entire CBSE class 10 syllabus. The fact that the Board has given a weightage of 15% to the chapter, that too with the reduced syllabus, adds the icing to the cake. Therefore, it is advisable for students to finish this chapter first and then move to others. The reduced syllabus for the chapter consists of the following topics:
- Basic concepts of co-ordinate geometry
- Graphs of linear equations
- Distance formula
- Section formula and mid-point formula
Chapter 8 – Introduction to Trigonometry
Once chapter 7 is complete, the concepts of Introduction to Trigonometry should be the focus of CBSE class 10 students. Students used to find the trigonometric identities part a bit difficult. But this year, the Board has further reduced the topics from the chapter. It has also eliminated the tough questions on trigonometric identities.
Term 1 examination will test the students’ understanding of the following topics.
- Trigonometric ratios
- Trigonometric ratios of specific angles
- Relationship between the ratios
- Simple trigonometric identities
Chapter 12 – Areas Related to Circles
Another chapter that requires intense practice is Areas related to Circles. However, the revised syllabus this year consists of only a few concepts. They are:
- Circumference of a circle and its area
- Perimeter and Area of sectors and segments
Statistics and Probability
Chapter 15 – Probability
Lastly, we have Probability. CBSE class 10 students for the academic year 2021-2022 are probably the luckiest. One of the easy chapters in the entire syllabus got the easiest this time! The chapter has 7.5% weightage and is one of the simple ones to crack.
The term 1 examination will have questions from
- Event and outcome
- Classical and experimental probability
- Finding the probability of the event
Now that we know the revised syllabus, CBSE class 10 students should brace themselves up and start preparing for the term 1 exam. Because of the MCQ format this year, a complete understanding of the core concepts becomes more important. So, we would advise you to focus on only term-1 for now.
To start with, prepare a timeline and stick to it. Start learning the concepts from each chapter. Along with the concepts, practice questions chapter-wise. While solving, identify your strengths and weaknesses. This will help you during revision and evaluation.
For efficient preparation, you must evaluate yourself on a regular basis. Practice with questions from previous year papers and CBSE sample papers. Evaluate your answer sheets thoroughly. Scrutinize the questions for which you provided wrong responses or couldn’t answer. Don’t forget to quickly review those topics. While giving model exams and revision tests, test your speed and correctness. Most importantly, avoid stress and last-minute preparation.
To sum up, follow the timeline, focus on the concepts, solve an adequate number of questions from each chapter and you’ll sail through!
Best Wishes to all the students!
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